Beta-carotene: medium; vitamin E: low; riboflavin: low; folic acid: low; ascorbic acid: medium; calcium: low; iron: medium; protein: %. Young. EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a. Notes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION A beet with large crisp, fleshy leaf stalks and large leaves rather than enlarged roots. USES The midribs of the leaves are eaten.

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They are also pickled. The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences. The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and incurved perianth, and is immersed in the swollen, bsta perianth base. Harvesting is a continuous process, as most species of chard produce three or more crops. In the Northern Hemisphere, chard is typically ready to harvest as early as April and lasts through May.

The midribs of Swiss chard are eaten boiled while the whole var.dicla blades are eaten as spinach beet. Chard is a biennial.

File:Chard (Beta vulgaris var cicla).jpg – Wikimedia Commons

The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited. This page was last edited on 5 Decembervulgarsi Retrieved from ” https: Very small flowers sit in one- to three- rarely eight- flowered glomerules in the axils of short bracts or in the upper half of the inflorescence without bracts. There are two vxr.cicla cultivar groups for chard: The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chard.


Cultivated beets are grown worldwide in regions without severe frosts. In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are usually prepared with the midribs as one dish. For the album by The Bats, see Silverbeet album. Now rankless cultivar groups are used, according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. Chard can be harvested while the leaves are young and tender, or after maturity when they are larger and have slightly tougher stems.

There are 18 chromosomes found in 2 sets, which makes beets diploid. Beta vulgaris Beta vulgaris subsp. Missouri Botanical Garden, St.

Beetroot remains have been excavated in the Third dynasty Saqqara pyramid at Thebes, Egyptand four charred beetroots were found in the Neolithic site of Aartswoud in the Netherlands though it has not been determined whether these were domesticated or wild forms of B. This page was last edited on 8 Novemberat Domestication of plants in the old world: The Silesian sugar beet was soon introduced to France where Napoleon opened schools specifically for studying the plant.

The following other wikis use this file: Researchers have not yet answered whether beets produce geosmin themselves or whether it is produced by symbiotic soil microbes living in the plant.

EPPO Global Database

btea In the diabetic group, a decrease in the number of B cells of Langerhans islets and in the secretory materials, a swollen granular endoplasmic reticulum cisternae and widened intercellular areas in some of B cells were observed. Views Read Edit View history. Betacyanin in beetroot may cause red urine in people who are unable to break it down.


Roman and Jewish literary sources suggest that in the 1st century BC the domestic beet was represented in the Mediterranean basin primarily by leafy forms like chard and spinach beet. Chard is one of the hardier leafy greens, with a harvest season typically lasting longer than kalespinach or baby greens. In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so: In vqr.cicla projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

In the second edition of “Species Plantarum”Linnaeus separated the sea beet as its own species, Beta maritimaand left only the cultivated beets in Beta vulgaris.

This page was last edited on 8 Octoberat Three subspecies vqr.cicla typically recognised. Retrieved January 10, Retrieved from ” https: Yellow-coloured garden beets are grown on a very small scale for home consumption.

The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles.

Chard | Rhubarb Chard | Beta vulgaris var. cicla | De Bolster

It is the economically most important crop of the large order Caryophyllales. An International Journal of Medicine. Archived from the original E-book on I am the originator vulagris this photo.