Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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At this time the Zulu kingdom was led by a powerful warrior called Shaka or Tchaka. How is the sky there but untouchable? Their movement led to widespread devastation, depopulation and displacement of people.

This greatly swelled their numbers and by the time they reached Tanzania the non- Ngoni outnumbered the original Ngoni. Their trick was to try and surround their enemy. Ask them if their families have ever shifted to another place.


The only way they could feed themselves was to plunder and kill. They are called “Hearing Tales”. They used assegais ,which were short stabbing spears and they were trained in man-to-man fighting. The Portuguese grew maize, which they brought to Africa from the Americas.


What we know is from the diaries of missionaries and travellers nhoni Europe, and from the stories passed down from generation to generation. There was formation of new societies tribes like the Mbunga. It was due to over population, which was caused by the fertility of soils and reliability of rainfall between Drakensberg Mountains and the Indian Ocean. Militarily the Ngoni were organized in large standing armies and age regiments People of the same age trained together, which brought unity and efficiency.

THE NGONI MIGRATIONS reasons of migration | tunda

There are 12 branches of the Ngoni tribe. The Ngoni commanders ngooni the morale of the army high by promising them rewards after victory hence making them work harder. From the Ngoni invasion, people learnt nngoni to get organized from smaller disorganized societies, to well organized bigger political systems.

Their movement led to the rise of ambitious men like Mirambo, Nyunguyamawe who copied their tactics and created their empires. The causes of the Ngoni movement to Southern Tanzania. There was heavy depopulation especially in southern Tanzania due to the Ngoni slave raids and wars they fought with the local people. It is made from thorn bushes, to keep out wild animals.

MGVSS History subject: History Ngoni Migration

What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa. They moved because of external pressure from the British and the Boers in the South who were moving northwards occupying their land. They used gnoni short- stabbing spears called assegai rather than the long- throwing spears which meant that the warriors could attack more effectively at a close range.


He was a great warrior and leader.

Zwangendaba was one of the defeated leaders. They had good military tactics of attacking their enemies like the cow – horn tactic which enabled them to encircle their enemies easily. The Ngoni were fully united under their commanders. Nulla elementum viverra pharetra. Newer Post Older Post Home.

Causes of ngoni migration?

They are direct descendants of the Zulu. The assegai was feared by enemies. They killed people who tried to stop them.

They also had a strong standing army that was always ready to crush the enemy. They would force the captured men from other tribes to join them and became Ngoni warriors. Break up of the Ngoni. They used assimilation policyi.

They could have moved because of famine and drought that led to lack of food and water. One of these was the assegaia short stabbing spear.