Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.

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Affected cats often die from dehydration and massive secondary infection, so aggressive support with intravenous fluids and broad spectrum antibiotics are crucial, but even with this, a high proportion of affected cats may die.

Feline infectious enteritis (parvovirus, panleukopenia virus) | International Cat Care

Because of the serious disease and ubiquity of the virus vaccination is recommended for every cat. Retrieved from ” https: It is caused by feline parvovirusa close relative of both type 2 canine parvovirus and mink enteritis. False-negative results are common. A cat diagnosed with FPV should be first of all kept in isolation. Panleukopenia Outcome and Procedures Analysis, B. Feline panleukopaenia and canine parvovirus are extremely closely related, but viruses cannot be transmitted between dogs and cats.

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Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.

How to guides Keeping your cat happy The cat friendly home Playing with your cat Indoors or outdoors? Hyponatremia and other electrolyte disturbances are also quite common, as is hypotensionhyperpyrexia or, late in the disease, hypothermia. This vius needs additional citations for verification. Even cats kept indoors can be infected since the virus is so stable that it can be transmitted on fomites.

Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.

Cats infected with FPV can continue to excrete the virus for at least six weeks following infection, and the virus can also be transmitted by dogs.

If treated, survival rates for kittens over 8 weeks and for adult cats are significantly higher than neonates. Once contracted, it is highly contagious and can be fatal to the affected cat.

This is why administering modified live feline panleukopenia vaccine during pregnancy is discouraged. Feline parvovirus is much better prevented than treated. Feline interferon has been shown to be useful in managing dogs with parvovirus infection. Highly effective vaccines are available and all cats and kittens should be vaccinated including indoor-only cats. Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 NCBI: Vidus panleukopenia virus FPValso known as ffeline infectious enteritisfeline parvoviral enteritis, [1] feline distemper, [2] feline ataxia, or cat viru, [3] is a viral infection affecting cats, both domesticated and wild feline species. Views Read Edit View history.

Differential diagnoses include other causes of profound depression, leukopenia, and GI signs.

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Feline infectious enteritis (parvovirus, panleukopenia virus)

Vorus specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease. Pregnant queens infected with parvovirus, the virus can spread to the unborn kittens where it can interfere with the developing brain.

However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection. Control Feline parvovirus is much better prevented than treated.

This page was last edited on 28 Marchat Some cats may die before even showing signs of gastroenteritis. This results in profuse and usually bloody diarrhea, severe dehydration, malnutrition, anemiaand often death. The virus causes severe damage to the lining of the intestine and also travels via the blood to the bone marrow and lymph glands. J Vet Intern Med; All about cats Getting a cat Caring for your cat Cat behaviour Cat health.

Praxisrelevante fragen anhand eines fallbeispiels. Whether the reduction in cell numbers in vivo is due to virus replicating in and killing cells, or due to other indirect effects, is not known. Neutropenia is a more consistent pnleukopenia than lymphopenia. The information provided here has been put together by experts in feline health, behaviour and welfare.