Key Points. The Kanem Empire (c. –) at its height encompassed an area covering much of Chad, parts of southern Libya (Fezzan) and eastern Niger. The Kanem-Bornu Empire was a large African state which existed from the 9th century through the end of the 19th century and which spanned a region which. The Kanem–Bornu Empire was an African trading empire ruled by the Saf dynasty from the ninth to the nineteenth centuries. It encompassed, at.

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One theory proposes that the lost state of Agisymba mentioned by Ptolemy in the middle of the 2nd century AD was the antecedent of the Kanem Empire. Islam offered the Sayfawa rulers the advantage of new ideas from Arabia and the Mediterranean world, as well as literacy in administration.

Kanem-Bornu: ‘The Longest Empire in African History’

It is also believed that Alooma signed the first written treaty in Chadian history. This history should be taught in all classes eempire all Africans, and all people of African descent. Empire of Kanem-Bornu c. The major factor that influenced the history of the state of Kanem was the early penetration of Islam.

They faced invasion from the Fulanis who under the leadership of Usan Da Fodio who was ranging a jihad. Kanem-Bornu peaked during the reign of the outstanding statesman Mai Idris Aluma c. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: By the 13th century, Kanem’s rule expanded.


Many thanks Like Like. Umar, who eschewed the title mai for the simpler designation bonru from the Arabic shaykhcould not match his father’s vitality and political prowess, allowing the kingdom to be ruled by advisers. Ancient Ghana and Mali. With control over both capitals, the Sayfawa dynasty became more powerful than ever.

Top Posts of the Day. His successors ended the Saifwa dynasty and the Kanem-Bornu Empire when they kanfm the last mai in His innovations included the employment of fixed military camps with walls ; permanent sieges and ” scorched earth ” tacticswhere soldiers burned everything in their path; armored horses and riders; and the use of Berber camelry, Kotoko boatmen, and iron-helmeted musketeers trained by Turkish military advisers.

Some of his military tactics were the use of fixed military camps with protective walls, armored horses, boatmen and iron-helmeted musketeers trained by Turkish military. By the thirteenth century, Kanem’s rule expanded, and was coupled with marked population growth in Njimi.

Post was not sent – check your email addresses! The Bornu empire entered into a second period of expansion in the late fifteenth century under the rule of Mai Ali Knaem The Kanembu eventually abandoned their nomadic lifestyle and founded a capital around AD under the first documented Kanembu king “mai” known as Sef of Saif.

They were recognized for a great amount of horses. Back to Online Encyclopedia Index.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. His reliance on advisors led to increasing political disorganization, a major contributor empre the final dissolution of the empire. Aluma also signed what was probably the first written treaty kahem cease-fire in Chadian history. I am so glad this could be helpful to you Babagana. Vangloriouz on May 1, at 4: Aluma introduced a number of legal and administrative reforms based on his religious beliefs and Islamic law shari’a.


Credited History Geography Africa. The Saifwa dynasty was established, a dynasty which ruled for years—the longest known reign in history.

The Kanem-Bornu Empire

The Sayfawa Dynasty ended but the Kanem-Borno Empire continued but faced a continuing decline in power. The article has a map page 6 of the ancient Central Sahara and proposes to identify Agisymba of CE with the early Kanem state. This is history that should be taught in early education. December 30, The Kanem-Bornu Empire: Aluma is remembered for his military skills, administrative reforms, and the example he provided of Islamic piety.

Kanem-Bornu Kingdom – New World Encyclopedia

During his reign, he declared jihad against the surrounding tribes and initiated an extended period of conquest. Its territory at various times included what is now southern Chadnorthern Cameroonnortheastern Nigeriaeastern Nigerand southern Libya.


Dabbalemi was able to suppress this tendency, but after his death, dissension among his sons weakened the Sayfawa Dynasty. World War I, an international conflict that in —18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along….