IX Hispana (The “Spanish Legion”) – was one of the oldest and most feared units in the Roman army. Raised by Pompey in 65 BC, it fought victorious campaigns. The most common theory is that it was defeated and destroyed while fighting an uprising in England, however the fate of the Ninth remains the subject of. ???????????????????? ???????? ???????????????????????????? Legio nona Hispana; the Spanish Ninth Legion, is a legion of the Imperial Roman army – existing since the late Roman Republic.

Author: Malagal Bagore
Country: Nigeria
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 10 February 2018
Pages: 220
PDF File Size: 7.54 Mb
ePub File Size: 17.80 Mb
ISBN: 246-8-17418-321-7
Downloads: 67679
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tobei

The Ninth seems to have especially distinguished itself during the campaign of 24 BC, which may well have been where it received its honorific title ” Hispana ” or ” Hispaniensis. What is certain, however, is that in the confused months after the Roman defeat in the Teutoburg Forest September 9 CEthe legion is in Pannonia, where it is firmly attested in 14, the year of the death of Augustus.

Keppie suggests that it was the legion’s absence elsewhere that encouraged a native uprising, obliging Hadrian to send the Legio VI Victrix to Britain. The fact that we know the names of several high officers of the Ninth who cannot have served earlier than e. Its name means “the Spanish Legion”.

Un-warlike and unarmed, they would break immediately, when, taught by so many defeats, they recognized once more the steel and the valor of their conquerors. Between December and Decemberthe legion erected a monument with an inscription dedicated to the Emperor Trajan over the southeastern gate of a rebuilt stone fortress.

Until then, we can only speculate. There are various tombstones in Northumberland alluding to a great conflict between Romans and the local populace that seems to have ended badly.


After Agricola was recalled from Britain his conquests in Scotland were let go, and the legii retreated back to the Bowes-Tyne line, with Legio IX possibly returning to York.

It must be remembered that the picture of Roman military occupation in Britain may be far more complicated than has been assumed by historians. However, before this move, the Legion and the Roman Province suffered a drastic set back.

The Roman Ninth Legion’s mysterious loss

In addition, the fierce-tempered clans inclined the more slowly to peace because Julius Classicianuswho had been sent in succession to Catus and was not on good terms with Suetonius, was hampering the public welfare by his private animosities, and had circulated a report that it would be well to wait for a new legate [i.

Legio IX Hispana self.

The troops gave no quarter even to the women: The Ninth participated in Agricola ‘s invasion of Caledonia modern Scotland in The crisis caused the emperor Nero to consider withdrawing all Roman hspana from the island, but Suetonius’ eventual victory over Boudicca secured Roman control of the province.

It was stationed in Britain following the Roman invasion in 43 AD.

A few years after, the legion subdued the first rebellion of Venutius, King of the Brigantes, around what is now Yorkshire. The Ninth probably numbered men, not including the auxiliaries attached to the Legion, which would have been approximately another Whatever the true story is about the demise of Legio IX Hispana, the popular i with its perceived mysterious and macabre fate will probably never be eclipsed.

In spite of his legii on the courage of the men, he still blended exhortations and entreaty: But the idea that the Ninth Legion was destroyed in a single great battle with native Britons seems ludicrous to me. They threatened Caesar with numerous potential prosecutions based upon alleged financial irregularities during his consulship. Two lists of the legions survive from this era, one inscribed on a column found in Rome CIL VI and the other a list of legions in existence “today” provided by the contemporary Greco-Roman historian Dio Cassiuswriting c.


Legio IX Hispana – Wikipedia

Records from that long ago aren’t exactly known for their ability to survive. A common practice by the Hixpana was to offer such pro-Roman rulers the status of a ‘client kingdom or state’. Roman historians could be very reticent in recording the facts about legions that had been disgraced, and officials weren’t reluctant to cover up the fate of vanquished armies for sake of public morale.

It’s a novel based on the idea that they all got eaten by zombies. I’d have to do some research and it was too late for that last night lol. Both have levio identified as pre-Flavian vexillation fortresses. And even if it was, there legjo numerous periods of strife – fires, invasions, world wars – that could have erased all evidence before it became more widely known about.

Little surprise then the story continues to be retold in novels and on the big and small screen. Legio IX was commanded by Aulus Plautius and would have only been a part of this massive invasion force.

According to Tacitus, after the revolt, Legio IX was restored to strength with reinforcements from the German provinces in 65 AD and moved from Longthorpe and Newton-on-Trent to two new bases; the first, a new fortress at Lindum Lincoln and the second, at Rossington or Osmanthorpe.

It is possible that Tacitus wrote his account to make the eventual defeat of Boudicca more leyio.